HTTP Responses


All of your WordPress and Router controllers should return a PSR7 compliant response to be sent back to the user's browser. Lumberjack provides a number of Response types which should cover the majority of cases.

If your Controller returns a string it will be automatically converted to an HtmlResponse object with a 200 status code.

Available Response Objects

Timber Response

The most common use-case will be to render a Twig view with some associated data. Using Timber on it's own, your code would look like this:

use Timber\Timber;


return Timber::render('home.twig', $context);

In Lumberjack, you should take advantage of the Rareloop\Lumberjack\Http\Responses\TimberResponse object to achieve the same thing:

use Rareloop\Lumberjack\Http\Responses\TimberResponse;


return new TimberResponse('home.twig', $context);

Context Flattening

When passing context data to TimberResponse, any objects that implement the Rareloop\Lumberjack\Contracts\Arrayable contract will automatically be flattened to a standard PHP array. This means that it is safe to use objects such as Collection and ViewModel in your data without it causing issues with Twig.

View ModelsCollections

Redirect Response

Redirecting to a different URL can be done by returning an instance of Rareloop\Lumberjack\Http\Responses\RedirectResponse.

use Rareloop\Lumberjack\Http\Responses\RedirectResponse;


return new RedirectResponse('/another/page');

Adding Flash Data

If you want to redirect to a URL and also flash some data to the session, you can use the with() method.

return new RedirectResponse('/another/page')
    ->with('error', 'Something went wrong');

Diactoros Responses

Lumberjack also includes the fantastic Zend Diactoros package which provides additional PSR7 compliant Response Objects.

// Check out their documentation for further details and examples:
$response = new Zend\Diactoros\Response\TextResponse('Hello world!');
$response = new Zend\Diactoros\Response\HtmlResponse($htmlContent);
$response = new Zend\Diactoros\Response\XmlResponse($xml);
$response = new Zend\Diactoros\Response\JsonResponse($data);
$response = new Zend\Diactoros\Response\EmptyResponse(); // Basic 204 response:

Adding Status Code & Headers

One of the benefits of using Response Objects is that they make it easier to control the HTTP status code & headers.

All the Response Objects bundled with Lumberjack let you set both the status code and headers in their constructor.

use Zend\Diactoros\Response\JsonResponse;

return new JsonResponse($data, 422, ['X-Total-Validation-Errors' => 2]);

Or if you prefer, you can use the withStatus and withHeader methods instead.

use Zend\Diactoros\Response\JsonResponse;

return (new JsonResponse($data, 422))
    ->withHeader('X-Total-Validation-Errors', 2);

Responsable Objects

In addition to supporting PSR7 compliant responses, Controllers can also return an object that implements the Rareloop\Router\Responsable interface. These objects provide a toResponse() method that will return an instance of a PSR7 Response.

// app/Http/Controllers/TestController.php
namespace App\Http\Controllers;

use App\Exceptions\TestException;

class TestController
    public function show()
        return new TestException('Hello World');

// app/Exceptions/TestException.php
namespace App\Exceptions;

use Rareloop\Router\Responsable;
use Psr\Http\Message\RequestInterface;
use Psr\Http\Message\ResponseInterface;
use Zend\Diactoros\Response\JsonResponse;

class TestException extends \Exception implements Responsable
    protected $reason;

    public function __construct($reason)
        $this->reason = $reason;

    public function toResponse(RequestInterface $request) : ResponseInterface
        return new JsonResponse([
            'error' => $this->reason,
        ], 400);

Last updated